Glossary of Inclusion Terms

The following definitions have been developed by Catlin Gabel educators to provide a common and evolving framework for open and healthy discourse to foster an inclusive, diverse, and equitable community.

ALLY: Someone who recognizes their privilege, and works in solidarity with marginalized groups in the struggle for social justice.

BIAS: An inclination, often implicit or unconscious, that hinders impartial judgment.

BIGOT: A person who practices bigotry.

BIGOTRY: Intolerance of opinions, lifestyles, or identities not necessarily backed by the power of dominant culture systems and institutions, often accompanied by discriminatory behavior.

CLASS: A system of ordering society which divides people into sets based on perceived social or economic status.

CULTURAL APPROPRIATION: The adoption or use of the elements of one culture by members of another culture, often without understanding, acknowledgement, or respect for its value.

CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE: Practicing an ongoing awareness of one’s own identity and biases, and taking action to learn and honor the varying cultural and community norms of students and their families.

DIVERSITY: The range of differences represented in our community.

EQUITY: Everyone getting what they need in order to enjoy access, opportunities, and a fair chance to succeed.

GENDER EXPRESSION: The physical and behavioral manifestation of one’s gender identity.

GENDER FLUID: Of, relating to, or being a person whose gender identity is not fixed.

GENDER IDENTITY: A person’s internal sense of being male, female, some combination of male and female, or neither male nor female.

HETERONORMATIVE: A gender binary viewpoint that presumes heterosexuality as the standard and “normal” sexual orientation instead of being one of many possibilities.

INCLUSION: Active engagement that supports every individual’s identity and sense of belonging.

INTERSEX: Umbrella term denoting a number of variations in an individual’s bodily characteristics that do not match strict medical definitions of male or female.

(The “I” in LGBTQIA: Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Questioning/Queer Intersex Asexual)

LGBTQIA: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning/Queer, Intersex, Asexual

MACRO-AGGRESSION: Large scale or overt aggression towards persons of marginalized groups.

MARGINALIZE: To treat a person, group, or concept as insignificant or peripheral; to exclude from power and full participation.

MICRO-AGGRESSION: Commonplace verbal or nonverbal slights and indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate derogatory messages to persons of marginalized groups.

MULTICULTURALISM: The practice of promoting the respectful coexistence of diverse cultures.

POWER: The capacity to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events.

PREJUDICE: Prejudging a person or group of people based on stereotypes and biases, often accompanied by ignorance, fear, or hatred.

PRIVILEGE: Systemic access to unearned advantages, resources, and opportunities which come at the expense of others.

RACISM: Race prejudice backed by the power of dominant culture systems and institutions. A system of disadvantage based on race.

RACIST: A member of a dominant culture who practices racial prejudice.

SOCIAL JUSTICE: The ideal of full and equal participation of all groups within a society that is mutually shaped to uphold human rights. Social justice includes a vision of society that is equitable, and in which all members are physically and psychologically safe and secure.

SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (SES): The perception of social standing or class of an individual or group measured not only by income but also educational attainment, financial security, and access to the opportunities and privileges within society.

STEREOTYPE: Generalizations about groups of people that negate individuals.



-ISM/-PHOBIA: Suffix describing attitudes, actions, or systemic structures that oppress a person or group because of their group identity. Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • skin color (racism)
  • gender (e.g., sexism, transphobia)
  • economic status (classism)
  • age (ageism)
  • religion (e.g., anti-Semitism, Islamophobia)
  • language/immigrant status (xenophobia)
  • ability (ableism)
  • sexual orientation (heterosexism, homophobia)
    • Homophobia and heterosexism are two terms between which a key difference can be identified. Homophobia is the fear of “homosexuality” and “homosexuals.” Heterosexism is the idea that heterosexuals are superior to others and have a right to dominate. The key difference between homophobia and heterosexism is that while homophobia refers to attitudes and behavioral patterns that people have against homosexuals, heterosexism is ideologies that stigmatize and oppress homosexuals



An independent preschool through 12th grade day school in Portland, Oregon
8825 SW Barnes Road,
Portland, Oregon 97225 |
503-297-1894 |
info@catlin.edu
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