P.E. 7

Units

Unit Essential Questions Content Skills and Processes Assessment Resources
Personal Fitness

What are the five areas of total fitness?
What are the kinds of aerobic, anaerobic, isokinetic and isotonic exercises?
How are the heart and blood vessels affected by cardiovascular exercise?
How do you best warm-up and cool-down for aerobic exercise?
How do you prevent and care for muscle injuries?
How can you measure your overall fitness?
What are the advantages of cross training in developing total fitness?

*Aerobic fitness
*Anaerobic fitness
*Muscle endurance
*Muscle strength
*Flexibility
*Isokinetic exercises
*Isotonic exercises
*Range of motion within a joint
*Recovery time
*Heart rate monitoring
*Overload principle
*RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation)
*Measurement of various fitness techniques
*Body composition

*Participation in activities to improve aerobic capacity, flexibility and muscle endurance (running cross country course, orienteering, reverse order mile run, interval training, cone soccer)
*Participation in activities to improve anaerobic capacity, flexibility and muscle strength (speed, gold rush, pony express, run to the well, relays, ultimate football/frisbee, coach's run)
*Practice techniques for various running and movement forms
*In small groups, follow a map to various parts of the campus
*Identify principles of training and conditioning for physical activity
*Identify proper warm-up, conditioning, and cool-down techniques and the reasons for using them
*Detect, analyze and correct errors in personal movement patterns

*Individual level of participation
*Compare and contrast multiple tested areas (aerobic, anaerobic, muscle endurance, muscle strength, flexibility)
*Evaluation of running and movement forms
*Assessment of the student's ability to secure new techniques
*Social interaction in group activities
*Identifies proper warm-up and cool-down techniques
*Identifies basic practice and conditioning principles that enhance performance
*Make choices based on safety of self and others

Track
Natural environment of Catlin Gabel campus
Maps
Game equipment

Volleyball

What three techniques are used to make controlled contact with the ball?
What are the rules and system of scoring?
How do the players rotate when they win the serve?
Can student efficiently communicate instructions to each other?
Do students chose to practice on their own?

*Bump
*Set
*Spike
*Serve
*Front and back rows
*Rotation
*Game rules

*Participate in activities to improve skills in bumping, setting and spiking (Controlled games to highlight specific skills)
*Participate in activities which challenge students to constantly change positions and communicate

*Individual level of participation
*Evaluate students techniques in bumping, setting and spiking
*Sportsmanship and behavior
*Student serves either under or overhand
*Student's knowledge of rules and basic strategies
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies
*Individuals ability to detect, analyze and correct errors in personal movement patterns
*Interaction and behavior of student in practice and game situations.

Gym
Volleyball related equipment

Indoor and Outdoor Soccer

What are the major skills needed to participate efficiently?
What are the basic rules and areas of the field?
What are the major positions on the field?
What types of fitness are needed to participate?
Do students communicate information to teammates?

*Side-foot pass
*Instep shot
*Heading
*Dribbling
*Control: side foot, thigh, chest
*Goalie's box
*Penalties: direct vs. indirect
*Illegal use of hands
*Forwards, midfielders, defenders, goalie
*Defensive stance

*Practice individual technique to help secure skills
*Participate in a variety of games to enhance basic skills (cone soccer, line soccer, mat ball, Canadian rounders, indoor soccer, outdoor soccer)
*Participate in activities that encourage students to change positions and communicate information

*Individual level of participation
*Evaluate student's techniques in basic skills
*Student's understanding of rules and strategies
*Interaction and behavior of student in practice and game situations
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies
*Demonstrates increasing competence in more advanced specialized skills
*Demonstrate mature form for all basic manipulations, locomotor and nonlocomotor skills

Indoor facility
Soccer fields
Soccer related equipment

Catching and Throwing Activities

What are the rules for softball, ultimate frisbee, ultimate football, flag football, dodgeball, benchball, prison ball and elimination?
What are some of the throwing techniques in each activity?
What are some of the catching techniques in each activity?
Can the students work as a cohesive unit?
Can the students identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance?

*Throws: underhand, overhand, sidearm
*Catches: one hand, two handed, basket, overhead
*Forward pass, lateral
*Step in to pass

*Practice throwing a variety of objects demonstrating both accuracy and distance
*Practice catching a variety of thrown objects while standing, running, jumping, over the shoulder or backing up
*Participate in a variety of activities to enhance basic skills

*Individual's level of participation
*Accepts and respects the decisions made by game officials, whether they are students, teachers, or officials outside of school
*Understanding of rules and terminology
*Throws and catches a variety of objects over various distances
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies
*Individual's ability to detect, analyze and correct errors in personal movement patterns
*Interaction and behavior of student in practice and game situations

Gymnasium, open field
Frisbees
Footballs
Softballs
Nerfballs
Flags and belts
Pinnies

Basketball and Handball

What skills are necessary to participate at a moderate level?
What are the basic rules and areas of the court?
What are the various positions on the court?
Can the students work as a cohesive unit?
Can the students identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance?

*Dribbling
*Passing (chest, bounce, baseball)
*Shooting (set shot, jump shot, hook)
*Rebounds
*Fast break
*Zone defense vs. man to man
*Fouls
*Forwards, guards, position
*Scoring (1-2-3 points)
*Screen
*Give and go
*Three person weave

*Practice individual technique to help secure skills
*Participate in a variety of games to enhance basic skills (3 on 2 continuous, 4 vs 4 vs 4, dribble only...)
*Participate in activities that encourage students to change positions and communicate information

*Individual level of participation
*Throw or pass a variety of objects demonstrating both accuracy and distance
*Hand dribble while preventing an opponent from stealing the ball
*Consistently throw and catch a ball while guarded by opponents
*Interaction and behavior of student in practice and game situations
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies
*Demonstrates increasing competence in more advanced specialized skills
*Demonstrates mature form for all basic manipulative and locomotor skills

Basketball and handball facilities
Game equipment

Rock Climbing

What are the physical demands of rock climbing?
What safety checks must be made before each climb?
What techniques can be used in both climbing and bouldering?
What are some methods for measuring a rock climbers proficiency?
What are the verbal commands of a student climbing?

*Equipment safety check
*Verbal commands while climbing
*Balance (weight distribution on legs and arms)
*Speed climbing
*Route climbing
*Blindfold climbing
*Repelling
*Bouldering

*Participate in bouldering to build technique and confidence to horizontally cross the rock wall.
*Participate in vertical climbing to enhance technique and confidence.

*Individual level of participation
*Individual's technique level
*Individual's ability to take risk
*Interaction and behavior of student in group situations

Rock climbing facilities
Climbing equipment

Racket Sports (pickle ball, badminton, tennis)

Can the student successfully make contact with a moving object using 3 different rackets and contact objects?
What techniques are used to make contact with moving objects?
What are the rules, floor dimensions and scoring for each racket sport?
Can the student successfully perform the 3 different opening serves?

*Pickle ball paddle
*Badminton racket
*Tennis racket
*Shuttle cock
*Wiffle ball
*Tennis ball
*Court dimensions
*Forehand
*Back hand
*Over head
*Volley
*Cross court shot
*Topspin
*Backspin
*Scoring

*Participate in activities to enhance various striking techniques (forehand, backhand, overhead, volley)
*Practice with partners to successfully execute the opening serve
*Participate in single and doubles games

*Individual level of participation
*Individual's ability to continuously strike an object to a wall, or a partner, with a variety of rackets using forehand and backhand strokes
*Accepts and respects the decisions made by game officials outside of school
*Understanding of rules and terminology
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies
*Interaction and behavior of student in practice and game situations
*Individual's ability to detect, analyze and correct errors in personal movement patterns

Court: pickle ball, badminton, tennis
Rackets: pickle ball, badminton, tennis
Tennis balls, wiffle balls, shuttle cocks,
Nets
Facilities to strike objects off of walls

Hockey, Golf, Softball

What are the different techniques used to strike an object with a bat, golf club and hockey stick?
How do you grip each implement in order to achieve highest success?
How should you rotate your hips and shift your weight for highest success?
What are the rules and strategies for each activity?
What are the positions of players on the team?

*Golf scoring
*Types of golf competitions
*Golf etiquette
*Softball positions
*Softball rules and scoring
*Hockey positions
*Hockey rules and scoring

*Practice individual technique to help secure skills
*Participate in games to enhance basic skills (batting cage, 3 on 2 games, dribbling between cones, driving range...)

*Individual level of participation
*Accepts and respects the decisions made by game officials, whether they are students, teachers, or officials outside of school
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies
*Understanding of rules and terminology
*Makes choices based on safety of self and others
*Remains on task in a group activity without close teacher monitoring

Softball field
Large field
Gymnasium
Bats, balls, gloves, bases
Hockey sticks, goals, protective goggles
Golf clubs, tennis balls, golf balls

Track and Field

What are the various events and rules found in middle school track?
What are the basic physical demands of each event?
What are the technical demands of each event?
What training techniques help develop your technical and physical capacities?
How do you best warm-up and cool-down for each event?
How do you prevent and care for muscle injuries?

*Aerobic events: 800, 1500, 3000
*Anaerobic events: 100, 200, 400, 100 hurdles, 400 relay, 1600 relay
*Muscle strength events: shotput, discus, javelin, long jump, high jump, triple jump
*Pace
*Lead leg/trail leg
*Jumping leg
*Hop, step, jump
*Fosbury flop
*Step turn throw/rotation throw
*Glide throw
*Cross over step
*Hip rotation
*Angle of accent
*Starting blocks
*Event rules
*Float zone, exchange zone

*Participate in activities to improve aerobic capacity, flexibility and muscle endurance (running cross country, interval training, pace runs, form runs)
*Participate in activities to improve anaerobic capacity, flexibility and muscle strength (speed workouts, pace runs, starts, hills, form runs, weight training)
*practice techniques for various events
*Detects, analyzes and corrects errors in personal movement patterns
*Identifies proper warm-up, conditioning and cool-down techniques and the reasons for using them

*Individual level of participation
*Evaluation of running, jumping and throwing movement forms
*Ability for student to work independently
*Makes choices based on safety of self and others
*Student's understanding of rules and strategies
*Identifies principles of training and conditioning for a variety of events
*Remains on task in a group activity without close monitoring
*Willingly accepts a challenge beyond their normal comfort zone
*Ability to secure new skills and strategies

Track
Shotput, discus, javelin vectors
Hurdles
Long/high/triple jump facilities
Stopwatches
Pulse monitors