Lower School Reading and Writing

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An effective literacy program offers a balance of challenge and support while building children’s confidence in their emerging abilities as readers and writers. Our goal is to develop fluent, capable readers who enjoy the process and learn from it, drawing from a diverse array of literature. Helping students become writers who can express their ideas cogently, clearly, and creatively is another important goal. We view reading and writing as a developmental process and understand that a child’s progress is seldom even or linear. It is common, for example, that a student’s leap ahead in learning is followed by a consolidating phase or an apparent plateau. We also find that students cannot be easily placed in a single category along the learning continuum. Rather, students often exhibit a range of skills and understandings. 

While no two developmental journeys are identical, the following reading and writing continuum describes the basic path to literacy in the Beginning and Lower Schools. You can read more about the teaching/learning involved in each stage of development in both reading and writing.

 7 Stages of Literacy Development

Preconventional

Emergent

Beginning

Developing

Expanding

Bridging

Fluent