PE 4

Units

Unit Essential Questions Content Skills and Processes Assessment Resources Multicultural Dimension
Bus Safety

*How can I be personally and socially responsible during a bus emergency?
*What are MY personal responsibilities?

*How to recognize an emergency
*How to respond in various situations

*Identify where safety equipment (fire extinguisher, cell phone, first aid kit) is located on bus
*Demonstrate timely bus evacuation
*Practice how to respond to an emergency -- setting the emergency brake, turning off the motor, evacuating the bus

*Timed evacuation (state requirment)

*Oregon State Bus Safety Guidelines

Busses are used all over the world and the precautions used could save lives regardless of the location of an accident

Conflict Resolution

*When I have a conflict, how do I work it out?
*What are my options?

*Strategies for working out problems
*When to get an adult's help

*Demonstrate use of conflict resolution strategies
-Cool off
-Identify the problem.
-Say how they feel
-Listen to the other person's feeling
-Brainstorm solutions
-Choose best solution
-Leave with a handshake acknowledging the conflict has been put to rest

*Teacher observation of role-playing and discussion
*Small group discussions and verbal sharing with class

*Classroom Conflict Resolution Initial Curriculum and Training in the Lower School, follow-up training, evaluation of conflict skills and feedback by Jonathan Weedman.

*Communicating successfully with people that have different learning styles, cultural backgrounds, definition of conflict, etc.
*People can have a different perspective about the same incident

Soccer

*What is my interest level (social, PE, competitive) in soccer?
*What skills do I need to be a successful soccer player?
*How can I find enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, sportsmanship, and social interaction through soccer?

*Individual Skill Development -- kicking, heading, trapping,
*Team Skill Development -- passing, communication, planning strategies, sportsmanship
*Knowledge of Soccer Game -- rules, strategies, history

Individual skills:
*Ball handling skills
-starting and stopping
-stopping the ball with a foot on top
-pulling/moving the ball backwards
-pushing the ball with inside and outside of foot
-use body to control, pass, stop the ball
-Techniques for passing, proper throw-in technique, goal keeping (body position - low center of gravity, hands out for protection, drop kick, throwing
Group skills:
*Pass between players (judging the relationship between distance and speed)
*Demonstrate spatial awareness of field and other players
*Demonstrate knowledge of difference between defensive (anticipation of where offensive players will move) and offensive play (direction toward opposing goal,timing of passes, safe practices for kicking, goal keeping and body proximity awareness)
*Demonstrate understanding of game rules by participating in soccer practices and drills

*Teacher Soccer Observation Checklist
*Skills Test
*Individual Assessment

*Teacher developed unit
*Feedback with other PE teachers

*Soccer is the most popular sport internationally.
*Soccer is valued differently in different cultures.
*Basic soccer rules are universal and easily implemented among complete strangers.

Playground Games

* What skills do I need to participate in a variety of playground games?
* What rules are needed to play fairly?
* How can I behave in a socially active game without adult supervision?
* Why develop a standard set of rules?
* What can we do to minimize competition in the games?

*Individual skills needed: catching, throwing, bouncing balls, waiting in lines/taking turns, shooting, kicking moving objects, blocking balls, skipping/ropes, understanding specific rules
*Group skills needed: Following set rules, taking turns, settling disagreements (conflict resolution) clear communication, cooperating with other players, entering a game already in progress
*Minimizing competition
*Developing a standardized set of rules for the games

*Practice playing several playground games such as Four Square, Wall Ball, Hopscotch, Scramble, Playground Basketball/Soccer, etc.
*Demonstrate individual and group skills
*Role play collaborative skills
*Observe other students playing games in order to give compliments and make suggestions
*Finalized rules

*Teacher observation of students
*Feedback from recess duty inidividuals and homeroom teachers
*Students Feedback

Using nontradional games, implementing a set of rules that exhibit the culture of our school and learning new games learned from different environments such as vacation out of country, exchange students and others.

Fitness

• How do I know I'm fit?
• What are the different areas of fitness?
• What can I do to improve or maintain my personal fitness level?
*How do I set short term and long term personalized goals?
*What are the advantages of setting group goals?
*What is success?

*Aerobic capacity, muscular strength, endurance and flexibility
*Training strategies; mile run, pacing yourself, learning proper techniques
*Core strength and aerobic endurance strategies
*Self-monitoring and being able to set short and long term personal goals
*Group goal setting, understanding how to make it inclusive and make know they are important to the process

*Daily warm-up including 2-3 minute jog, cool-down and stretching
*Three fitness testing periods at the beginning, middle and end of the year
*Use a variety of activities that build individual strength during PE time-examples- fitness stations, cross country runs, rope jumping, climbing (ropes, nets, rock wall)
*Practice techniques that focus on full body fitness (aerobic, anerobic)
*Show competency in the various fitness strategies
*Extend personal fitness into the household by educating the family as a whole

*Fitness testing that includes mile, situps, pushups, pullups, sit & reach, jumproping at 10sec, 30sec, & 120sec, long jump and vertical jump
*Assessment of individual goal setting, self evaluation, and group goals
*Observation of students overall feeling of well-being

The Prudential Fitenssgram by The Cooper Institute for Aerobic research

*Fitness activities come from a variety of different cultures (hash runs, orienteering, etc.)
*Observance of cultural backgrounds and how that applies to setting individual goals and how it might affect performance
*Different students bring different skill sets to their fitness goals

Basketball

*What are the components and skills needed in basketball
*What skills do I need to acquire and improve if I'm interested in team basketball
*Why is basketball such a popular recreational game
*What kinds of games can I learn to keep basketball fun and long lasting in my life

*Learning what an athletic stance is
*Learning the triple threat position and its importance in the game
*Proper mechanics of shooting, dribbling and passing a basketball
*Court dimensions, players and positions on the court
*Core rules and etiquete of the game

*Dribbling skills that progress through both right and left hand and from slower speeds to faster speeds and finally from looking at the ball and not looking at the ball
*Work on a chest pass, progressing to a bounce pass, overhead pass and one handed pass. Work with a stationary target from different distances and progress to a moving target
*Work on shooting technique starting without a ball progress to a ball against the wall and then standing at the side of the hoop and then increasing distance as comfort level increases
*Use smaller hoops for those not strong enough to shoot properly at 10 foot hoops. Technique is more important that hoop height
*Teach the triple threat position in which the kids can shoot, dribble or pass from and show how to establish a pivot foot to maximize the triple threat position to create space.
*Teach some simple game strategies such as setting a screen and backcutting on your defensive player. Show how to establlish position and ask for the ball and put a couple simple plays.
*Show the kids how to move their feet defensively and stress that this is the one part of the game that skill level is not as important as effort level and that anyone can play defense if they are willing to work at it.
*Play some 3 on 3 games and finish up with some 4 on 4 or 5 on 5 full court games

*Ability levels to dribble with both hands
*Evaluation of shooting techniques
*Progression in game strategy and skills used

Coaching, books, past formal team play, basketball camps.

Basketball has become a world wide sport and has long been an Olympic sport bringing all cultures together for decades. With the addition of European and other cultural stars in the NBA, basketball continues to grow world wide while maintaining the core set of rules associated with the game at the highest levels.

Football

*What basic skills do I need to play recreational football
*What kinds of games are available to be inclusive of all skill levels
*How do I catch and throw a football
*What are things I can do personally to ensure the safety of others

*Catching and Throwing Technique
*Understanding how to maximize the advantage of space to create advantages
*Learning several different games to create an inclusive environment for all participants

*Teach the kids the diamond method for catching a football
*Establish a confidence in each individual student to catch the ball
*Teach the kids the proper grip using either 2 or 3 stitches on the football
*Teach smaller group games that don't emphasize competition, decrease the size of the field of play and create games that emphasize skill development

*Individual observation of catching and throwing ability and progression
*Feedback from the kids at the end of the unit

PE textbooks, personal experience refereeing college intramurals

One of the most popular recognized sporting events in the US. A game that can be watched or played regularly, regardless of exposure because of the 2 basic skills of throwing and catching involved. Carries many related rules to other similar national games such as rugby and European football.

Volleyball

*What skills are needed to play an enjoyable recreational game of volleyball
*What skills would I need to play team volleyball
*What kind of games can we play to involve all skill levels
*What are the basic rules
*What does a court look like, what are the positions and how do we rotate

*The 4 critical elements in volleyball, the serve, bump, set and spike
*The dimensions of a volleyball court
*The rotation in a volleyball game

*Learn how to bump, set & spike using various types of balls depending on skill level (real volleyballs, training volleyballs, balloons, beach balls
*Walk through the rotation on a volleyball court with explanation of when to rotate
*Keep rally's going using different size beach balls
*Use real volleyballs and work on serving progressively (start short and working way back with a successful serves)
*Play a real game using large volleyball
*Finish with a popcycle challenge where kids progress through a series of 3 skills as a group.

*Watching for the increase or decrease in rally number
*Observing the distance that students increase with their serving
*Observe how the kids come together in the team activities or concepts
*Note the decrease in the number of illegal hits

PE planning book, past formal team experience and direct involvment in the game recreationally.

Volleyball is an international game with internation rules that apply across the board. It is a game that could be played virtually anywhere with the same set of core rules. A court can easily be set up using any number of simple materials such as sticks, leaves, string etc.

Floor Hockey

*How can I be safe
*What are the core rules of Hockey
*What skills are crossover skills from other sports
*What kinds of activities can we learn to involve everyone at anytime and anyplace
*What kinds of things can be used as substitutes in the games

*Kids must learn court dimensions and important lines
*Kids will be able to control, pass and move the puck
*What kinds of strategies need to be used in this game

*Students will work on passing skills, coralling the puck and moving the puck in a controlled manner
*Students will be able to move a stick from side to side
*Kids will be shown the importance and proper technique for safe shots, keeping a low stick and having a low follow through
*Past sports will be used as a reminder of spacing, the importance and how to space in a hockey environment
*Simple strategies such as give and go and one-timers will be given
*Basic hockey terminology will be covered and taught

*Ability to put the puck into the goals
*Observation of the consistency in accurate passing
*Amount of repetitions each kid can continue while moving the puck without losing it
*Ability to team and maintain spacing and use simple game strategies
*Feedback from the kids as to what is working and not working

PE textbooks and past experience playing college intramurals.

Hockey is an Olympic sport. Though popular in the United States, it has been dominated by the Canadians and Russians which gives it an international flavor. Most kids are familiar with hockey because it is shown on TV. I think that addressing the question of why so few people of color play the game professional is a great lead in a discussion question. Are the kids even aware of that, do they care and what is the significance if any?

Rock Climbing

*How can I be safe for myself and others
*What are the essential pieces of equipment needed
*What are the rules and processes during rock climbing
*How do I put the equipment on properly
*What are the different levels of ways of rock climbing
*How do I put my fears aside or fight through them and do I put full faith in my instructor
*

*The proper equipment and the names of the pieces of equipment used in rock climbing
*The key terms used
*Learning to personally put my %100 trust in someone else
*Finding the most affective, safest and quickest ways to climb up the wall
*Becoming familar with different strategies in dealing with obstacles during climbing

*Kids will first learn how to put on their climbing equipment and need to know the names of the pieces
*We will talk about and review common terminology used so that we can communicate while they are climbing
*We will become familiar with the wall using a process called bouldering
*Students will begin climbing by the end of the first or beginning of the 2nd class
*We will build confidence with 2 processes: 1st students will climb about 25-30 feet and be asked to let go of everything. This is a time when they are not to high yet and it instills upon them the feeling of security that the belayers have them at all times even if they slip. 2nd, we will make easier climbs first and progress towards the more difficult climbs second

*The progress the kids make in overcoming their personal fears, which is measured by their progress up the wall, speed, and comfort level
*The distance up the walls
*The difficulty in choice up the walls
*Ability to communicate proper terminology while climbing
*Ability to talk about the different pieces of equipment and name them

Assisted Barbara Bond (experience rock climber) with equipment and volunteered time during the rock climbing sessions. Also, the help of several other volunteers with rock climbing backgrounds who assist during the rock climbing unit.  Trained in safety and proper equipment check through Synergo climbing company.

Rock climbing has become a world wide activity. It brings people of all backgrounds together and the serious climbers often become connected with other cultures because of the travel required to reach the most challenging mountains. Also, those that progress to another level will find that they will rely on the expertise of the cultures in the area they are climbing for food, lodging, supplies, etc. Finally, most terminology used in climbing for equiment and communication while climbing is pretty universal.

Racquet Games

*What safety precautions do I take with my racquets and hitting of the ball or shuttlecock?
*What are the different kinds of racquets used for various games?
*What are the types of objects used to hit during racquet games?
*What are the critical lines and court dimensions in the games of pickle ball, tennis, and badmitten?
*How do we work together to play a game of doubles

*Kids will become familar with different racquets and objects hit during the game
*We will examine court dimensions, critical or important line in pickle ball, tennis, and badmitten
*Kids will learn forehand, backhand, smashing and dinking skills
*Kids will be shown how to move and the strategies involved in a game of doubles

*Kids will learn how to properly grip a racquet
*We will work on making consistent contact with a ball, shuttlecock and woofle ball through repetitive skills
*Skills will include hitting the ball to themself, against a wall, and keeping a short rally together with a partner
*With the size of the class and room available, the kids will naturally learn spacing and should also be a carry over skill from other activities
*Several modified games will be used to reinforce the skills we work on and we will move these games from individual to team and then actually progress backwards to doubles and finish singles again
*Students at this levels main focus will be on consistency in hitting the ball, keeping a rally going and with the few students that have excelled skills in the area, I will give them some special skills to work on such as spin and advanced strategies.

*Rally numbers will be kept for different skills and also both hands. We will look for the improvement of rally score
*Observation of the ability of the kids to progress to more and more difficult tasks
*Observation of the abillity to move fluidly on the court and position self correctly with and without a partner
*The length of games should start out quick, progress to longer games as the physical skills develop first and then progress back toward shorter games as the strategic piece of the game begins to develop
*Kids will initially begin with the hitting technique most comfortable to them. Watching to see if they progress towards using multiple hitting techniques will be one of the strongest assessments of the progress they are making

Hedi Jackson (Catllin Tennis Coach), Tennis classes taken at ISU and visually observation through watching tennis on TV.

One of the great things about tennis is the different court textures used across different cultures such as grass, clay and hard court.

Dodgeball games

*How can I absolutely be as safe as possible and still have fun?
*What are the different kinds of games that we can play and can we minimize the intimidation factor?
*How can I monitor myself and assure everyone feels comfortable?

*Learn safety and strategies that are group friendly
*Learn games that can minimize the intimidation and increase the safety level
*Guide the strategies used during the games

*We will be readdressing throwing skills, reaching back with our arm, extending on the follow-through and finishing with a snap of the wrist
*We will look at protecting space and using peripheral visioin. We will have a couple tasks where the kids are exposed to their peripheral vision, for many the first time and understanding the importance in not just activities but our daily lives
*They will learn how to set up several different games, including obstacles that can increase the challenge and activity level in the game

*This will be another chance to evaluate throwing accuracy and form and the progress the kids have made
*Their strategic skills will once again be highly tested in team play and individual play
*Sportsmanship and teamsmanship are two things that I will be looking for exclusively in these games

Personal Experience, PE seminars

Track & Field

*What are the events of Track & Field
*How can I choose one or more that is right for me
*What are the different safety precautions for the individual events
*How can I self-manage some of my time
*What is the importance of warm-up and stretching for track & field events

*Need to familiarize yourself with several of the events
*Become familiar with the names and different equiipment used in the events
*Learn proper eitquette
*Pick one or two events that you have an interest in and focus working and fine tuning the mechanics for those events
*Understand basic mechanics of most of the events

*Kids will be exposed to different running events, throwing events and jumping events
*We will address 2-3 core mechanics for those events each day for the first week
*The second week, kids will choose one or two events that interest them and they will work on fine tuning their mechanics in those events
*Proper etiquette and process will be discussed and practiced for all events
*

 Past experience in a formal setting, coached 3rd - 8th boys and girls.

Cultural Games/Activities

*What kinds of games and activities are played and popular in other cultures
*Why is it important

*Kids will be exposed to different cultural games or activities
*Kids will learn the important components; rules, processes, importance for the given game or activities covered for the unit

*The process will vary greatly depending upon the given games or activities being taught
*For the 2004-05 year, we will cover 2 things: Cricket, Hawain Dance and music.
*Student's will learn a Hawian dance along with the words to the music that will then be performed at the Gym Fest
*A friend of mine and Native Hawian will be teaching us the dance and music
*Cricket will also be taught, the 2 main types of cricket played, the 5 core rules, how to swing the stick, run the bases, pitch the ball and keep score. Mike Davis will be giving some assistance and strategy used in the game

*Success of the students during their performance for Gym Fest
*Ability to perform the pitching, hitting, and running piece of cricket
*Short written test that will be used to measure retention of the all the games rules we have learned

*Varies according to the activities. Teachers, books, personal experience.

*This is a huge piece of a successful multicultural part in PE. Teaching the kids another part of a culture, the games or activites that are important to them, why, history etc. This creates a well rounded understanding of the activity side of other cultures and often leads us to understanding our surrounding environments.

Baseball/Softball

*Why is baseball such an important part of American History
*Who are some of the key players in the evolution of baseball
*Why are the essential skills needed to particpate in baseball/softball
*How do I hold a bat
*How do I throw a ball
*What are the positions and what area do they cover

*History of the game and important figures
*The 3 components of the game, running, catching, hitting
*Positions, responsibilities
*Strategies of the game

*We will readdress proper throwing technique covered in previous units and practice the grip used on a baseball
*Proper grip, stance and major mechanics of hitting will be covered including hitting drills of a tee, soft toss, live pitching from me and possibly some live pitching from other kids
*We will work on catching skills, starting with no mits and a soft ball, progressing to a hard ball, then mits and a softball, and then mits and a hard ball. We will also progress in the height of the flyball and how to field a ground ball out in front of your body
*Baserunning will be addressed first with the run from home to first. We will then talk about how to lead off a base and how to steal a base. We'll finish by covering how to finish running the bases from 1st-2nd, 2nd-3rd and 3rd to home. Running to the base or through the base has many variables dependent upon the game situation.
*Depending on time available, bunting, game situation and more in depth pitching related situations will be covered.

*The ability of the kids as a whole to simulate an inning of baseball without feedback will be the final assessment
*Many of the other assessments are continuing assessments from other sports such as the ability to throw the ball to a target and put an object to a ball. At this point, I will looking at the the past history of the students and measuring the improvement they have made in other similar activities that involved throwing and hitting an object. Consistency and proper mechanics is more important than distance and power
*A short quiz including other subject areas covered in PE for the spring will be administered to evaluate retention of rules and strategy

Played college softball, played recreational summer leagues and unpired college intramurals.

Baseball has a huge significance in our society. Jackie Robinson's name in the black culture is often compared in significance with MLK. Roberto Clemente's name has the same impact in the hispanic culture. In today's game, people like Ichiro and Hideo Matsue carry an enormous following from the asian culture. Baseball has brought recognition to each of these culture in the United States through Baseball. Baseball carries the highest percentage of cross-cultural players of any sport in the United States and the media has made sure we notice. Our National Pastime has started to expand by playing games in Japan, Puerto Rico, Mexico and beyond each year. The expansion of where the game is played continues to grow as will the people from other cultures playing the game.

Croquet

*Why learning a game such as Croquet might be significant later in life
*What are the rules
*Where did the game originate

*Equipment and terminology used in the game
*Layout of the game
*Types of games played in Croquet
*How to use your mallet to hit the ball

*Kids will learn the names of the equipment first
*Kids will experiment with setting up their own Croquet course
*I will teach the kids how to play poison Croquet, Team Croquet, & Speed Croquet
*The kids will work on hitting the ball with the mallet and progress in their accuracy skills. They will also learn how to launch an opponents ball.

*The ability to setup a challenging course and understanding how to make this game more physically challenging
*Accuracy in putting the mallet head on the ball
*Skill of launching and opponents ball
*Ability to remember the different rules of the games

History of the game of Croquet. The rules of Croquet. Online PE alternatives

The natural multicultural aspect of Croquet is that it originated in Europe. The exact source is up for debate. It is believed that it originated from a similar French game. The game shitfted into Ireland and England in the 1850's.

Frisbee golf

*What is frisbee golf
*Where can I find a frisbee golf course
*What are the different kinds of frisbees used
*How can I make this an aerobic experience

*Fundamental differences in frisbees
*Proper and different grips used for throwing a frisbee
*How to keep score (same format as golf)
*How to improvise equipment and a course anywhere you are

*Teach the kids the 2 main grips used in throwing a frisbee and the advantages of one over the other
*Teach the kids the proper throwing motion and show them how to manipulate the flight of the frisbee
*Teach the kids how to keep score using the golfing scoring method
*Show the kids how to play aerobic frisbee golf and casual frisbee golf
*Give the kids the information on the 2 golf courses available in the Portland metro area

*The obvious assessment is the decrease or increase in scores
*The time needed to complete a course will be another common assessment not just of skill level but fitness levels
*Ability to turn in an accurate scoring card and understanding the scoring system used which will transfer over to golf

2 frisbee golf courses in the Portland area. Rules of PE games and nontraditional PE lesson plans online

Frisbee golf is a game that could be implemented anywhere and the equipment you use could very enormously. It is something that would be easy to setup in any type of environment if you have the imagination to do so. The golf scoring system is common throughout the world, but better yet, counting to 10 is pretty common in most cultures which gives you an easy method of keeping score if desired.