Prime Time

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Essential Questions: 
  • In what way are prime numbers the foundation of all arithmetic?
  • What are prime numbers and how are they different from composite numbers?
  • How can prime numbers be used to help with calculating Least Common Multiple and Greatest Common Factors
Content: 
  • The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic
  • Prime numbers vs. Composite Numbers
  • Square numbers
  • Perfect numbers
  • Abundant numbers vs. Deficient Numbers
  • How Venn diagrams communicate information
  • Proper Factors vs. Factors
  • Prime Factorization
  • Positive Exponents
  • Even vs. Odd Numbers
  • Definition of product, multiple, factor, divisor
Skills and Processes: 
  • Calculate Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
  • Calculate Least Common Multiple (LCM)
  • Use Venn Diagrams to determine GCF and LCM
  • Use the rectangle method and rainbow method to factor numbers
  • Use trees and upside-down cakes to find prime factorization
  • Solve story problems requiring GCF and LCM; recognize what type of situation demands the calculation of one of these
  • Use exponents in prime factorization
Assessment: 
  • Favorite Number Forever (FNF) Project
  • Written Test
  • Locker Problem, Mystery Numbers, Product Mazes, puzzles, games and story problems 
Resources: 

Prime Time - Connected Math/MSU

Multicultural Dimension: 

Famous people and historical events from around the world.

Integrated Learning: 
  • Historical events (Humanities) that happened in the same year as each student's FNF
  • Contributions of famous people (Humanities) who were born on the same day as each student's FNF
  • Atomic Elements (Science) with the same number as each student's FNF
  • Shakespearean sonnets (English) with the same number as each student's FNF
  • Visual display (Art) created for each students's FNF
  • Famous athletes (PE) whose jersey number is the same number as each student's FNF
  • Be able to pronounce and write your FNF in a foreign language.