# Measurement and the Metric System

Essential Questions:
• How and why did systems of measurement first evolve?
• How and why was the metric system invented?
• Why is it important to learn the metric system?
• How is the metric system different from and similar to our system?
• What are the units of measurement in the metric system?

Content:
• History of measurement
• Evolution of the English Customary System
• Units of measure in the Customary System
• Design, invention and history of the Metric System
• The difference between Length, Volume, Mass and Weight
• Units of measure in the Metric System and how they were defined
• Metric prefixes and symbols
• Advantages of the metric system

Skills and Processes:
• Powers of ten; exponent review
• Decimal place value
• Estimating quantities in metric units
• Converting between units within each system
• Use of appropriate measuring tools
• <Introduction to negative exponents and scientific notation>
Assessment:
• Metric Pre-Test
• Estimetrics Game
• Watermelon Relay Team Test
• Written Test
Resources:
• EQUALS Watermelon Activity
• Estimetrics - CSUS
• Internet
• Powers of Ten DVD
Multicultural Dimension:
• Evolution of measurement in different cultures; universality of measurement
• Historical development of the English Customary System
• Historical development of the Metric System in France
• International usage of the Metric System
Integrated Learning:
• Use of the metric system in science
• Use of lab equipment for measuring
• Historical development of measurement (6th grade humanities)
• Calibration of the human body (6th grade science)